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So far David Horner has created 95 blog entries.

Tense Combinations with the Narrative Tenses

By Rob Lane In a previous article, we looked at the narrative tenses: past simple, past continuous, and past perfect. Although these tenses are not very difficult in theory, in practice, learners have difficulty using them fluently in conversation. In this article, we will look at how these tenses are typically combined using linking words to form more complex sentences. Before reading this article, I recommend that you read the article entitled The Past – Which Tense. To review, past simple i [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:36+00:00 December 15th, 2015|English Language Club|

Could have, Should have, and the Third Conditional

By Rob Lane In this post, we will look the structures could have done, should have done, and the third conditional. All three are past hypothetical structures. These structures are typically used to comment on the past. That can include appraisals, commenting on past situations, and expressing regret. Past modals, and more specifically, modal perfect can be difficult to use correctly and learners often avoid using it. This is a shame because similar structures are used in many other languages, [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:34+00:00 November 23rd, 2015|English Language Club|

TOEIC Test in Dublin

Horner School of English is an open center for the TOEIC Examinations in Dublin. You can take the TOEIC test here at the Horner School in Dublin City, without taking an English Language Course. We offer a test date every month, usually on the the first Friday of each month. Click here to download our TOEIC Examination Registration Form More than 10,000 organisations in 120 countries throughout the world trust the TOEIC test to determine English language skills. Most universities and large intern [...]

By | 2018-10-18T16:39:20+00:00 November 19th, 2015|Horner School News|

Enough and Plenty

By Rob Lane The words enough and plenty are often misused, particularly at Intermediate level. They are very common words and learners should take care to use them correctly. Both words can be used to express quantity. Enough means a sufficient amount whereas plenty means enough and potentially more. Do we have enough time? Don't worry, my friend. We have plenty of time. Enough Enough can be used as an adjective, an adverb, a pronoun, and an interjection. Use enough before a noun but after an [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:25+00:00 November 9th, 2015|English Language Club|

Phrasal Verb List – Part One

By Rob Lane In a previous article, we saw an overview of phrasal verbs outlining how to study and use them. If you have not read the introduction, you should go back and do so before reading this. In this article, we will see some of the most common phrasal verbs along with a brief explanation and example for each. Remember that there are often a number of different possible meanings for each phrasal verbs. In the list below I have included only the most common for each verb. Note that with ea [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:24+00:00 October 20th, 2015|English Language Club|

Improve your Fluency – Collocation

By Rob Lane Lexical Collocations The concept of collocation is, unfortunately, only introduced to learners in most textbooks at upper-intermediate and advanced level. However, everybody uses them every day and most of the time they work. But, sometimes they don't. Have you ever heard someone say they made a party? Have you ever heard a native speaker say it? Has the speaker made or done a mistake? If two words are a collocation, that means that it is common for native speakers to use them toge [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:23+00:00 September 25th, 2015|English Language Club|

Position of Adverbs

By Rob Lane Learners often have difficulty with putting adverbs in the correct position in sentences. In this article, I will give an overview of the types of adverbs and where they go in sentences. Generally, there are three positions: front, middle, and end. The types of adverb we will see are manner, place, time, frequency, degree, and comment. Readers should remember that this article is designed as an overview and a lot of other things are possible.   Adverbs of Manner e.g. carefully [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:21+00:00 September 28th, 2014|English Language Club|

Work Experience/ Internship Placement 2015

The Work Experience Programme / Internship Placement Service designed for students, graduates and young professionals aged 20 years or over with a good English level. An internship is an opportunity to gain real-life experience in a relevant business sector, observe and participate in the operation of an organisation and gain a realistic understanding of working life. Before you commence your Work Experience Placement, you must take a minimum of 4 weeks Standard Plus Business Course at The Horne [...]

By | 2017-10-11T09:19:06+00:00 September 8th, 2014|Horner School News|

Quantifiers – much, many and a lot of

By Rob Lane Much, many and a lot of are quantifiers which are used to indicate the amount or quantity of a countable or uncountable noun. Other examples of quantifiers include a little, a few, some, all and enough. In this article, I will focus on many, much and a lot of as these can be particularly confusing for learners. I will outline some of the fundamental rules first in a way that should allow learners to use them with minimal risk of error. Then, I will deal with some of the exceptions [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:15+00:00 September 1st, 2014|English Language Club|

Future Perfect

  By Rob Lane Introduction In the last post, we looked at Future Continuous. Another tense that we see frequently with this is Future Perfect. In the previous article, I gave an example of this. A. Can we meet at 2 pm tomorrow? B. Unfortunately, I’ll be having lunch with a client at 2. But, we’ll have finished by 2.30 so I can come to your office then. Although both Future Continuous and Future Perfect have limited application, you should be familiar with them. Typically, you will focus o [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:14+00:00 August 12th, 2014|English Language Club|

Future Continuous

  By Rob Lane In a previous article we saw that four key tenses are used for future: present simple for schedules, future simple (will) for reactions or new decisions, going to when you have intention, and present continuous when the future is arranged. There are many other ways in which we can express future ideas. One of these structures is future continuous.   A. Can we meet at 2 pm tomorrow? B. Unfortunately, I'll be having (1) lunch with a client at 2. But, we'll have finished ( [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:12+00:00 July 16th, 2014|English Language Club|

Phrasal Verbs – An Introduction

By Rob Lane Phrasal verbs are often frightening for learners. While they are commonly used by native speakers, learners have difficulty understanding and using them. A phrasal verb is a verb comprised of a verb and one or two propositions. James picked Sam up from the station. Joan is looking forward to her vacation. In the classroom, dictionaries, and textbooks, a broad definition of phrasal verbs is used. A more restricted definition does not include phrasal verbs that have a literal sense. [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:11+00:00 July 2nd, 2014|English Language Club|


We are organising a fantastic social programme of activities and trips this coming July and August 2014.   Students will have great opportunities to make life long friends and experience the best of Dublin and Ireland.   Weekly activities include the Guinness Store House, Greyhound racing, Pub quiz , the famous Horner School Irish music nights and much more.    Full Saturday tours include the excellent trip to Galway City and the West Coast,  Glendalough Wicklow and the historical city of Belfas [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:43:09+00:00 June 27th, 2014|Horner School News|

Inversion with Negative Adverbials

Inversion with Negative Adverbials By Rob Lane   Negative adverbials are words or phrases used to be restrictive, emphatic, or dramatic. They are used at the beginning of sentences and require one to invert the following subject and verb. Only then did I realise my error. Never before have I seen such beauty. Seldom do I eat fast food. Although more commonly used in written English, they are also used in spoken English. The most common mistake people make with these structures is to fail to [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:42:01+00:00 June 12th, 2014|English Language Club|

Some and Any, Much and Many

  The differences between some and any, and also, much, many, and a lot, often cause difficulties for learners. These are examples of quantifiers. Although the rules are not complicated, there are a number of exceptions that can cause confusion. In this article, we will look at the rules for these and see examples to illustrate the differences and potential errors in use. This article looks at the basic usage of these words and so learners should appreciate that there are other ways that th [...]

By | 2017-10-11T09:19:08+00:00 May 27th, 2014|English Language Club|

Wish and If Only

Wish & If Only By Rob Lane In an earlier post, we looked at the second conditional and saw that it is formed by using past simple in the conditional clause. This conditional is used for hypothetical ideas in present or future. In a number of structures in English, the past simple is used when we speak about hypothesis in present or future. The verb wish requires similar construction. If only can be used with the same structures. In this post, I will set out three commonly used structures wit [...]

By | 2017-10-11T09:19:09+00:00 May 8th, 2014|English Language Club|

Great Places to Visit in Dublin (Part 2)

Trinity College Dublin, only 12 minutes walk from the Horner School, was founded in 1594, under the reign of Elizabeth I and is Ireland’s oldest university. Famous students here have included scientists like Ernest Walton (Nobel prize-winner who split the atom), great statesmen like Edmund Burke and of course writers like Jonathan Swift, Oscar Wilde, Samuel Beckett and Bram Stoker- (author of Dracula). The Museum Building and Dining Hall are both well worth seeing, as is the lovely Front Square [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:41:27+00:00 May 6th, 2014|Hidden Dublin|

Great Places to Visit in Dublin (Part 1)

Dublin Zoo, in Phoenix Park, is the second-most popular visitor attraction in Dublin (only the Guinness Storehouse gets more visitors each year). The zoo was established in 1831, making it one of the oldest in the world. It has changed a lot since then, today, instead of iron cages, the animals are housed in large, natural- style enclosures. The zoo also does important breeding and conservation work for endangered species. Animals here include Indian Elephants, Lions, Tigers, Bears. The large Af [...]

By | 2017-12-13T20:40:26+00:00 April 30th, 2014|Hidden Dublin|