Articles and useful tips connected to grammar and English language learning

Indirect Questions – Being Polite

Indirect Questions - Being Polite by Rob Lane Question formation is sometimes difficult for students and some questions require particular structures. In this article I will focus on indirect questions which begin with phrases such as could you tell me. We will look at a three part structure. A similar structure is also used for indirect statements and reported questions. This type of question is in the sections on Indirect Questions and Inversion in standard grammar and textbooks. There is a [...]

By |2019-05-22T23:19:22+01:007 January, 2014|English Language Club|

Passive or Active?

Passive or Active? By Rob Lane   This article focuses on general or standard passive structures. As masters of our own languages, we often use active and passive structures without thinking or understanding why. If you think passive is difficult, don’t worry, you probably use it and don’t realise. The first sentence people usually learn is I was born in + year/ place. Generally, active is more common. Although the structure is not complicated, it can be difficult to know when to use passive [...]

By |2017-10-11T09:19:13+01:0017 December, 2013|English Language Club|

The Past – Which Tense?

The Past - Which Tense? By Rob Lane In this article, I want to give learners a summary of the past narrative tenses and how they interact. The focus is on the function, why we use them, as this is where learners generally have the most difficulty. Often, people study these tenses, practice them in grammar exercises but never become comfortable using them in real life. The question is when to use them. There are three key tenses: Past Simple Yesterday, Gustavo prepared dinner. Past Continuous Gus [...]

By |2017-10-11T09:19:14+01:0010 December, 2013|English Language Club|

Present Perfect and Past Simple

Present Perfect and Past Simple By Rob Lane, English Teacher at Horner School of English Present Perfect and Past Simple are tenses which cause a lot of confusion for learners. In many languages the structure of subject + have + past participle has the function of Past Simple in English. For this reason, direct translation is problematic. Although the tenses are similar in many ways, they have important differences in function. One of the most important considerations is the time reference used [...]

By |2017-10-11T09:19:14+01:002 December, 2013|English Language Club|